I added three ribbons completely across the covers and spine od the journal. I pulled the top and bottom ribbon inside the covers and glued them down. I left the center ribbon ends free to use a tie for the journal. When I began to sew the signatures in, I crossed over the middle ribbon and really liked the look of it. I love this vintage French taffeta ribbon! I have bought it several times (stampdiva.com) in a couple of the colors, but always come back to this lovely chocolate.